超强干货| 四六级写作精华句式,你的快速涨分秘笈!



陈曲老师独家笔记

(2016年12月新版)


Q : 什么叫天龙八部?


天龙八部其实就是句型仿写,把写作中最为高频的句式进行一定的罗列,考生可以在写作中自由组合!这并非作文模板,相反需要考生灵活运用。



第一部分·天龙八部

   

描述类经典句


用法:...很重要,...很必要

句型:

_______ plays an extremely important role.

____ is of utmost importance.

Nothing plays a more important role than _______.

替换词:

important可以替换词汇:significant(意义深远的)essential(关键的) indispensable(不可替代的) pivotal(中枢作用的)key(关键的)等等。

注意:indispensable 不可替代,本身就代表了非常重要,所以千万不要写extremely indispensable.

变通:

我们也可以换成其他意思,比如 it is of great necessity to do sth. 表示做...非常必要。比如play a role/part也可以表示扮演着重要的角色。

结合经典开头:

There is little doubt that …

It cannot be denied that …

It is beyond doubts that …

It is generally accepted that …

There is a growing recognition that …

It has been widely noted that …

It goes without saying that …


综合版:


(1) 阅读经典书籍非常重要

It is generally accepted that nothing can play a more indispensable role than reading classic books.


(2) 从网络中获取信息很重要,但是阅读传统书籍也很必要。

It is very important to acquire useful information online, but it is still of great necessity to read traditional books.


(3) 大学排名 

My View on University Ranking

It has been widely noted that university plays a fundamental role in one’s cultivation and provides a platform for higher education.

重视类经典句


用法:重视...

句型:

pay attention to …

attach importance to …

lay emphasis/stress on …


综合版:


(1) 我们应该重视教育。

We should pay special attention to education.


(2) 我们应该重视好习惯的培养。

We should attach great importance to developing good habits.


(3)  我们应该重视环境保护。

One should lay great emphasis on environmental protection.


(4) 中国正在面临严重的环境问题。作为一个大学生,我们应该重视保护我们的地球。

Currently, China is facing a serious environmental issue. As university students, we should attach great importance to protecting our planet.


(5)  作为一个90后,我们应该重视保持健康。

As the post-90’s generation, we should pay special attention to maintaining good health.


衍生:

套句 ... capture/draw one's attention

一次性塑料袋的使用引起了大量公众关注。

The use of disposable plastic bags has captured/drawn a great deal of public attention.

套句 much attention has been paid to ...

大家都很关注如何有效地进行信息处理。

Much attention has been paid to how to process information effectively.



议论类经典句


用法:...产生了争议

句型:

(1) there is much controversy over ...

我们是否该控制物质的欲望,这个议题引起了争议

There is much controversy over whether we should control our desire for materials.

(2) as regards ..., there is much controversy among ...

关于我们是否该控制物质的欲望,在公众中引发了很多争议。

As regards whether we should control our desire for material, there is much controversy among the general public in our society.

(3) opinion vary when it comes to ...

当谈及到我们是否该控制物质的欲望,大家观点不一。

Opinions vary when it comes to whether we should control our desire for material.


综合版:


对于学习有没有捷径这个问题,同学们各执一词。


(1)There is much controversy over whether there is a shortcut to learning.


(2)As regards whether there is a shortcut to learning, there is a heated discussion among college students.


(3)Opinions vary when it comes to whether there is a shortcut to learning.



结果类经典句


用法:...对于...产生了影响

句型:

exert a positive/negative/great impact on …

It cannot be denied that economic growth exerts a great impact on our environment.


综合版:


(1)网络对于我们的日常生活产生了巨大的影响,这是不争的事实。

It cannot be denied that the Internet exerts a huge impact on our daily life.


(2)环境污染对我们的健康。

It has been widely noted that environmental pollution can exert a negative influence on our health.


用法:在某时某地发生了...(该句型实际解释为:...见证了...)

句型:

… witness … (用时间和地点做主语)

过去几年里,越来越多的父母把孩子送到艺术学校去。

(改写成:过去几年见证了越来越多的父母把孩子送到艺术学校去。)

The past several years has witnessed an exponential increase in the number of parents who wish to send their kids to art classes.

替换词:

exponential 表示上升的程度,可以替换成 dramatic / sharp / considerable / striking


综合版:


(1)The past few years has witnessed a burgeoning economy in China.


During the past several years, China has witnessed a rapid economic development.


China has experienced a rapid economic development in recent years. (替换)


Europe has suffered from a great financial loss in recent years. (替换)


注:the past several years后面接has和have均可。一方面,一段时间后面用has没有问题;另一方面,用have也可以,表示这几年年年都见证了。


(2)练习:近几年来,中国见证了信息的爆炸。

China has witnessed the great information explosion during the past several years.

(3)近年来在学生中出现了忽视中文的现象。

The past several years have witnessed a thought-provoking phenomenon that we students pay very little attention to the study of Chinese.



使动类经典句


用法:...使得...

句型:

enable/allow/render sb. to do …

追求物质主义使得我们抛弃希望,放弃梦想,沉浸在物质世界的快乐中。

The pursuit of materialism enables/allows one to abandon his hope, give up his dream and indulge himself in the pleasure of the material world.


综合版:


(1)网络能让我们更有效的沟通。

The Internet allows us to communicate more effectively.


(2)虚心使人进步。

Modesty enables one to go forward. (Conceit makes one lag behind.)


(3)抵制诱惑可以让我们培养好习惯。

Resisting temptation allows one to develop good habits.


补充经典句型:

offer  sb.  sth.  /  offer  sth.  to  sb.

provide  sb.  with  sth.  /  provide sth.  to  sb.

bring sb. sth.

物质世界能给我们提供快乐的幻觉,而精神世界能给我们提供生活真正的乐趣。

Material world could offer us the illusion of happiness, while spiritual world could provide us withreal pleasure for life.

阅读能给我们提供知识。

Reading can provide us with sufficient knowledge.

因特网能给我们带来很多便利。

The Internet can bring us much convenience.


引出类经典句


用法:...成为了...重要的社会问题

句型:

(1) … has arisen as one of … (很适合开头句)

孩子的教育已经成为最重要的社会问题之一。

Children’s education has recently arisen as one of the essential problems.

(2) ... has become one of ...

环境保护问题已经成为了对于政客和科学家同等关键的议题。

The environmental protection has become one of the key issues for politicians and scientists alike.

(3) ... emerge into one's vision 进入到...的视野里

环境问题进入到了我们的视野中。 

The issue of environmental problem has emerged into our vision in recent years.


综合版:


(1)信息真伪近来成为了一个重要的问题。

The credibility of information has recently arisen as one of the heated topics, as can be found in the columns of many city newspapers.


(2)信息安全近来成为了一个重要的问题。

The issue of information security has recently arisen as one of the heated topics.



趋势类经典句


用法:越来越...

句型:

More and more people …

An increasing/ A growing number of people …

People in mounting numbers …

注意:in mounting numbers里numbers有s!而a growing number of里number没s!


综合版:


(1)越来越多的人开始重视如何有效处理信息。

People in mounting numbers are paying much attention to how to process information effectively.


(2)随着网络的普及,网络课程越来越受大学生的欢迎。

With the popularity of internet, online courses have gradually emerged into our vision and become increasingly prevalent among college students.


总结:其实天龙八部就是教大家如何模仿句型,目前我已经在微博上推出天龙八部的衍生版——降龙十八掌(哈哈哈!),学有余力的同学可以继续进行句型仿写,以下举几个例子。

1.owe/attribute A to B  将A归因B

Many people owe their success not to formal schooling but to self-education.

很多人并不将他们的成功归结于正式教育。


2.dedicate/devote oneself to 致力于…

I think it is very noble for him to dedicate himself to public service.

我觉得他将自己投身于公共服务这件事非常地高尚。


 3.stem/result from …  源于…

The pressure of finding a job among college students stems largely from the population explosion.

大学生寻找工作的压力很大程度上来源于人口膨胀。


4.lead to/result in/give rise to 导致…

Technological advances can lead to more efficient uses of natural resources and sustain economic growth.

科技的发展可以使我们更有效率地使用自然资源以及维持经济增长。


5.in terms of … 在某一方面…

Tourism is becoming a global industry, an industry which ranks second to none in terms of size and global influence.

旅游业已经成为一个世界产业,一个就规模和全球影响而言都独一无二的产业。


6.take … into consideration  把…考虑在内

Governments should take into consideration enormous challenges and opportunities presented by global aging when making decisions.

政府在做决策的时候,需要考虑到全球老龄化所带来的巨大机遇和挑战。


7. tend to/be likely to/be inclined to … 倾向于…

A sweet smile tends to avoid the conflict, iron out the discrimination and shorten the distance between people.

笑容能规避冲突,消除分歧,缩短人和人之间的距离。


第二部分·经典背景句

    


(上过课的同学知道,我们把它成为wnwdwslm句)

这些句子一般用在引出主题或者观点前,加上背景。


比如:人民生活水平显著提高,因此网络越来越重要。

网络越来越普及(The Internet has played an increasingly important role.)是观点或者主题,前面可以加上背景,比如随着改革开放,人民的生活水平有显著提高(With the reform and opening-up in recent decades in China, people’s living standard has been very much improved. )

连在一起:

With the reform and opening-up in recent decades in China, people’s living standard has been very much improved. The Internet has played an increasingly important role in our society. 



以下先罗列7句

1. With the reform and opening-up in recent decades in China, people’s living standard has been very much improved. 

随着改革开放,人民的生活水平有显著提高。


2. With the development of economy and society, competition is increasingly fierce.

随着经济和社会的发展,竞争越来越激烈。


3. It is well-known that we exist in a dynamic world with various difficulties. We can do nothing but face them. Attitude is the key point to take the first step.

众所周知,我们生活在一个存在很多困难的动态的世界里,我们只能面对他们。态度是迈出第一步的关键点。


4. Smartphones have penetrated every aspect of daily life.

智能手机已经渗透入日常生活的方方面面。


5. With the accelerated pace of contemporary life, people’s work and life are increasingly stressful. 

随着当代生活的节奏加快,人们的工作和生活压力越来越大。


6.  Resource exhaustion, environment degradation, and aging population constitute the three major national issues confronting human beings.

资源耗尽,环境恶化,和老龄化人口组成了人类面临的三大问题。


7.  Life is ten percent what you make it and ninety percent how you take it. The value of life lies not in the length of days, but in the use we make of them. So having right values in life is very important for us, especially youngsters.

生活的10%在于你如何创造它,90%在于你如何接受它,生活的价值不在于天的长度,而在于我们的利用,因此具有正确的价值观非常重要,尤其对于年轻人。



第三部分 · 六脉神剑(起承转合独评)

    


1. “两点”怎么表述?

Firstly, …   Secondly, …

To begin with, …    Furthermore, …

On the one hand, …   On the other, …

In the first place, …  Besides, …


2.“顺接”和“转接”怎么表述

顺接:

as a result  /  as a consequence /  consequently /  thus / hence / therefore

转接

however / nevertheless / nonetheless


3.“总结”怎么表述

总结

in conclusion, all in all, in a word

简而言之

in short, in brief, to sum up

如前所述

as has been mentioned above

given the factors I have just outlined


4.“个人观点”怎么表述

in my eyes

as for me

from my perspective

as far as I am concerned

To my knowledge

From my level of understanding


附赠六脉神剑完整版

启部:用于引导第一点

首先:1. first, firstly, first of all; 2. to begin with, to start with; 3. in the first place, first and foremost

一方面:1. on the one hand (on the other); 2. for one thing (for another thing).


承部:承接前面观点

其次 --- second, secondly, third, thirdly

进一步 --- furthermore, what’s more, moreover

此外 --- besides, in addition

结果--- consequently, as a consequence/result, thus hence therefore, on this account, in light of this


转部:转折语义相反

技巧1:but改although/in spite of/despite

如:Selecting their favorite lecturer does bring great benefits to students’ study, but it also cause a number of problems.

Although selecting their favorite lecturer does bring great benefits to students’ study, it also causes a number of problems.

In spite of/despite its great benefits for students’ study, selecting their favorite lecturer does cause a number of problems.

注:很多老师建议but改成in spite of the fact that. 那么那些老师有兴趣去看看GMAT语法,这种写法叫wordy或者redundancy(冗长,累赘)。但是如果改成in spite of this,那还可以。不过前面需要句话句掉。


技巧2:but改yet/while/whereas

如:Many people argue that the spring festival gala should not be cancelled, but others adopt a completely different view.

Many people argue that the spring festival gala should not be cancelled, while others adopt a completely different view.

此外还可以用:

不幸地:sadly unfortunately

相反地:on the contrary, by contrast, conversely

事实上:as a matter of fact, in fact

然而:nevertheless, nonetheless


合部:小结上文中段落的内容

总结:in conclusion, all in all, in a word

简而言之:in short, in brief, to sum up

如前所述:as has been noted / mentioned above

given the factors I have just outlined

taking into account all the above factors (后面主语用I)


独部:个人观点标志词

personally speaking可以用in my eyes, as for me, as I see it

in my opinion可以用from my perspective

from my point of view可以用as far as I am concerned

it seems to me that可以用from where I stand, my stance is that …


评部:在观点前可以加一些副词来评价

Interestingly, surprisingly, more importantly

Especially, particularly

Undoubtedly, apparently, evidently, obviously, conceivably等等


应用篇

大家可以看下天龙八部和六脉神剑的威力


应用范例1:

2011年12月

For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay entitled Nothing Succeeds Without a Strong Will by commenting on the humorous saying, “Quitting smoking is the easiest thing in the world. I’ve done it hundreds of times.” You should write at least 120 words but no more than 180 words.

参考:

                                 Nothing Succeeds Without a Strong Will

        As a humorous saying goes, “Quitting smoking is the easiest thing in the world. I’ve done it hundreds of times.” This saying intends to inform us that a strong will plays an extremely important role in achieving success (主题).

        Why, you may wonder, is a strong will so essential for success. To begin with, with the rapid development of economy, people’s living standard has been very much improved. However, competition is increasingly fierce. A strong will enables us to concentrate on our work and compete with others even in difficult time. Furthermore, it is well-known that we exist in a dynamic world with various new changes. A strong will also allows us to persist on the road we choose. 

        Given the factors I have just outlined, I personally argue that it is a strong will that exerts a positive impact on success (学会变换句式). As far I am concerned, if one makes friends with those who have strong wills, he is more likely to succeed in the future. 


应用范例2:

2016年6月六级

For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on living in the virtual world. Try to imagine what will happen when people spend more and more time in the virtual world instead of interacting in the real world.

天龙八部+六脉神剑最喜欢这类需要自己写背景段的!

第一段参考例文:

There is a growing recognition that the Internet has played an increasingly important role in our daily life. It allows us to communicate more effectively, read the latest news, and make transaction online. Consequently, the past several years has witnessed a growing number of individuals who are willing to indulge themselves in the virtual world. This will obviously exert a huge impact on our future. (65 words)


应用范例3:

2016年6月四级

For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a letter to express your thanks to one of your school teachers upon entering college. You should write at least 120 words but no more than 180 words. 

信只是一个格式,重要的是里面的血肉,天龙八部搞定核心的中间段很轻松!

信件的中间段参考:

To begin with, I would like express my sincere gratitude to your generous help. During my study of College English Test, I faced a lot of challenges. I found it very difficult to write an essay since my vocabulary was very limited. However, your instruction and encouragement were of enormous value. I finally successfully passed the CET-4 with high scores. Moreover, you are a good teacher as well as a great friend. The past several years have witnessed our close friendship. You pay special attention to our life quality and always tell jokes to us. Your positive attitude exerts a huge impact on my life.

总结:

天龙八部通过句型套用,灵活组合,可以出现在文章的各种段落。希望通过背几个死模板而获得高分的同学要学会更灵活的应付考试。祝大家成功!


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